ABOUT NEPAL

LAND OF ITS OWN THAT COULD NEVER BE DESCRIBED IN WRITING

Nepal is a small country in South Asia situated between the two giant nations, India & China. This tiny Himalayan country lived virtually isolated from the outside world for centuries, with its untouched massive mountains, green terraced foothills, thick jungle terrain, awe-inspiring white rivers; and of course its people, who with their rich and colorful culture remain as beautiful as their natural surroundings. Opened to foreigners in the very recent past, Nepal is now readily accessible to the traveler who seeks adventure in the Himalayan foothills & jungles.

As Outfitter in Nepal, operating tours with trekking in Nepal along with climbing, expeditions and adventure sports is a privilege and as outfitters based in this majestic country, we have been blesses with mountains, nature, white water and everything else needed for us to operate treks in a successful and delightful manner.

Nepal is a trekker's paradise.
It offers the most spectacular mountain scenery in the world with more than a dozen of the highest mountains on earth including the highest peak Mt. Everest. Trekking in Nepal is a experience of life time as panoramic views are guaranteed and with the right outfitter in Nepal, you can enjoy the beauty even more. Widely known all over the world as the SHANGRI-LA in the Himalayan, Nepal is a pilgrimage everyone in the world would like to make. Thousands of people from all over the world visit the hills and mountains of Nepal every year. Trekking companies in Kathmandu, the capital city, organize special walking trips to most of the open areas of the country. Hordes of different adventure trip organizers from all over the world send hundreds of eager travelers to Nepal every year. This tiny Kingdom boasts some of the most interesting and scenic regions in the world through its three major river systems, the Narayani, Karnali & Sapta Koshi. Rising from the glaciers of the highest mountain in the world & from the mysterious plateau of Tibet, the rivers of Nepal plunge through the gorges of the Himalayas and traverse their rugged foothills. Before the melted snow reaches the peaceful waters of the Holy Agnes, the rivers run through lush tropical jungle and meander through the plains of the Terai.

Nepal is the home of one of Asia's richest & most spectacular wildlife sanctuaries-the Royal Chitwan, Bardeya, Koshi Tapu National parks. The wildlife of National Parks includes the rare great one Horned Rhino, several species of deer, sloth bear, wild boar, fresh water dolphin, leopard, crocodile, over 450 species of exotic birds & the elusive Royal Bengal Tiger.

This charming country presents a very rich culture preserved and maintained intact for centuries by its beautiful people, who are known all over the world to have "as many gods as the people, & as many temples as houses" in their land. Nowhere else is this fact more evident than in the Kathmandu Valley itself. Visitors to Nepal spend their few early days exploring the temple palaces of the three ancient cities of Kathmandu Valley, Kathmandu, Patan & Bhaktapur, which were once three independent states. The exquisite architecture and artistic embellishment of the Nepalese pagodas that enshrine the bronze and stone images are of great beauty and, more often than not, are of great antiquity making them a unique feature of Nepal, especially the Kathmandu Valley. The temples and stupas are rich repositories of woodcarving, metal work, terra cotta & stone sculpture.

Nepal is a haven for adventure in the Himalayan and it has drawn hundreds of EXPEDITIONS from all over the world to conquer its high mountains. Trekking in Nepal has by far remained the most popular activity and the firts choice of all outfitters in Nepal but large scale expeditions have a different charm. Since the historic conquest of Mt. Everest, the highest mountain on earth, by Sir Edmund Hillary & Tenzing Norgay Sherpa in the early 50's, Nepal's mountains have been scaled again & again by expeditions; and this trend is on the rise! Adventure Trekking Nepal presents Nepal to you and your clients in as many varied ways of exploration as can be imagined. Some of the ways to enjoy the splendor of Nepal are described here.

Adventure Trekking Nepal arranges treks for families, small groups of friends and larger parties organized by clubs or travel agents. The treks last from three days to a month or more. Special short trips can be arranged, although it is only on a journey of at least two weeks that the traveler can truly appreciate the splendors of Nepal. Treks are designed to meet the wishes of clients and thus may range in difficulty from easy low altitudes and pass crossings to guided climbs and 'alpine' treks to passes and peaks higher than 18,000ft. The trekking season runs from September to May. Monsoon treks can be arranged (Mustang, Mt. Kailash via Simikot , Uppor Dolpo & Tibet Tour) upon request.

FACTS ABOUT NEPAL

Official Name - Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Abbreviation - NPL
Capital - Kathmandu
Head of State - President Ram Baran Yadav
Population - 30,485,947 (2011 estimate)
Area - 147,181 sq. km. (54,633 sq. mi.)
Time Zone - 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT
Language - Nepali (official)
Religion - Hinduism and Buddhism, Islam and Catholic
Unit of Currency - Rupee
National Anthem - "Sayau Thunga Phool Ka"
National Holidays - Republic Day: 28th May
State Declaration - 15th Jan
Independence Day - 18th Feb
Date of Unification - 1768 (by Prithvi Narayan Shah)

National Calendar -    The Nepali year begins in mid-April and is divided into 12 months: Baisakh, Jestha, Asadh, Shrawan, Bhadra, Aswin, Kartik, Marga, Poush, Phalgun, Chaitra. Saturday is the official weekly holiday.



Date of Constitution -    The constitutional Assembly of 601 parliament members is in process of drafting the country's constitution under the provision provided by Interim constitution drafted on 28th May 2007. (1951, 1959, 1962, 1990 are previous constitution enacted dates). 



Weights and Measures -    Traditional measures are commonly used. The most important of these are ropani = 0.05 ha.(0.8 ac.); bigha = 0.1 ha.,(1.67 ac.); murhi = 72 kg.(160 lb.).



National Emblems -    The rhododendron; a white cow; a green pheasant; two Gurkha soldiers, one carrying a khukri and a bow and an arrow and the other a modern rifle; peaks of the Himalaya Mountains; the moon and the sun, both with faces showing Hindu caste marks, two crossed Nepali flags and khukris; the footprints of Gorakhnath, the guardian deity of the Gurkhas; and the royal headdress. At the base of the design a red scroll carries the national motto in Sanskrit: "The Motherland Is Worth More than the Heaven."



SWYAMBHU NATH (MONKEY TEMPLE):
The history of the valley, according to the legends, begins with Swayambhunath, or "the self-existent". In times uncharted by history Bodhisattva Manjusri came across a beautiful lake during his travel. He saw a lotus that emitted brilliant light at the lake's center, so he cut a gorge in a southern hill and drained the waters to worship the lotus. Men settled on the bed of the lake and called it the Kathmandu Valley. From then on, the hilltop of the self-existent Lord has been a holy place. Swayambhunath's light was covered in time because few could bear its intensity. By the thirteenth century, after many layers were added to the original structure that enveloped the Lord's power, a dome-like shape had been acquired. The stupas central mast was damaged and replaced at that time. Peripheral sources of power were discovered on the hilltop as well and stupas, temples and rest houses were built to honor them. Images of important deities, both Buddhist and Hindu, were also installed.

Today, ages-old statues and shrines dot the stupa complex. Behind the hilltop is a temple dedicated to Manjusri of Saraswati the goddess of learning. Swayambhunath is, perhaps, the best place to observe the religious harmony in Nepal. The stupa is among the most ancient in this part of the world, and its worshippers are diverse from Newar nuns, Tibetan monks, and Brahmin priests to lay Buddhist and Hindus. The largest image of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Nepal is in a monastery next to the stupa. Other monasteries here have huge prayer wheels, fine Buddhist paintings, and special butter lamps, which may be lit after presenting monetary offerings. Swayambhunath is a major landmark of the Valley and looks like a beacon below the Nagarjun hill. It provides an excellent view of the Kathmandu Valley. Devotees have climbed the steps on the eastern side for centuries. Statues of the Buddha, mini stupas, monasteries and monkeys make the climb to Swayambhunath - which is fairly steep - worthwhile. For someone who is physically disabled or is pressed for time, the western road allows you to get off your transport near the base of the stupa.



BOUDDHA NATH STUPA:
Bouddhanath is among the largest stupas in South Asia, and it has become the focal point of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal. The white mound looms thirty-six meters overhead. The stupa is located on the ancient trade route to Tibet, and Tibetan merchants rested and offered prayers here for many centuries. When refugees entered Nepal from Tibet in the 1950s, many of them decided to live around Bouddhanath. They established many gompa's, and the "Little Tibet " of Nepal was born. This is still the best place in the valley to observe Tibetan lifestyle.

PASHUPATI NATH:
One day Lord Shiva got tired of his glittering place on Mt.Kailash, his armies of ghosts and spirits, and even Parbati - his beautiful wife. Through his cosmic powers, he searched for a perfect place where he could holiday. Without telling anyone, he ran away from his place and came to live in Slesmantak Forest in the Kathmandu Valley. He gained great fame here as Pashupati - Lord of the animals - before other gods discovered his hiding place and came to fetch him. The Pashupati where he stayed has received the attention of worshippers for at least fifteen hundred years; it is the holiest Hindu pilgrimage destination in Nepal. There are linga images of Shiva along with statues, shrines, and temple dedicated to other deities in the complex. A temple dedicated to Shiva existed at this site in AD 879. However, the present temples were built by King Bhupatindra Malla in 1697. A gold-plated roof, silver doors, and woodcarvings of the finest quality decorate the pagoda construction. Guheswari Temple, restored in AD 1653, represents the female "force". It is wife, who gave up her life in the flames of her father's fire ritual. Lord Shiva once more escaped from Kailash and came back to Pashupati as a hunter, but Parbati followed him disguised as a beautiful huntress. Shiva tried to seduce her, and discovering her true identity returned home shamefully.

Kirateswar Temple commemorates this rather unfortunate jaunt. A circuit of the Pashupati area takes visitors past a sixth-century statue of the Buddha, an eighth-century statue Brahma the creator and numerous other temples. Some other places to visit are Rajrajeswari Temple, built in 1407, Kailash with lingas more than 1,400 years old, Gorakhnath temple, and the courtyard of Biswarup. There are rows of Shiva shines and Hindu pilgrims from all over South Asia offering puja worship to Shiva, the Lord of Destruction. The Bagmati River flows close by and the Arya Ghat cremation grounds are here. We strongly advise photographers not to take photos of cremations and of bereaved families. Sadhus, sages who follow the lifestyle of Shiva, may be seen covered in ashes and loin- cloths. They ask for money in case you want to take their photos. Those of Hindu faith may only enter the main Pashupatinath courtyard.

KATHMANDU DURBAR SQUARE:
It is easy to be overwhelmed by the seemingly unaccountable monuments in the Kathmandu Durbar Square. The house of the Living Goddess, the ferocious Kal Bhairab, the red monkey god, and hundreds of erotic carvings are a few examples of the sights at the Square. The buildings are the greatest achievements of the Malla dynasty, and the resulted from the great rivalry between the three palaces of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. For visitors today, and for the Nepalese, it was serendipitous that they and later their offsprings, began an artistic warfare trying to outdo each other in splendid constructions. Kathmandu Durbar Square is amongst the most important sights for travelers to see.



PATAN DURBAR SQUARE:
The ancient city is situated on the southern bank of the river Bagmati and is about 5 km southeast of Kathmandu. The city is full of Buddhist monuments and Hindu temples with fine bronze gateways, guardian deities and wonderful carvings. The square boasts of many famous sites and unique architecture. Krishna Mandir in the Patan Durbar Square was built to honor the incarnation of Vishnu. The Bhimsen temple, which honors Bhim, a great wrestler, brother of the Pandavs, and the deity to Nepalese businessmen, contains fine samples of metal craft. The best place however to see metal sculpture is the Hiranya Karna Mahabinar, the Golden Temple. The Sundari Chowk contains exquisite samples of woodcarvings, stone and metal sculptures.



BHAKTAPUR DURBAR SQUARE:
Literally meaning "The Town of Devotees," it is believed to have existed from the early ninth century AD. The town area covers four square miles and divided into twenty-four sections. Bhaktapur was the capital of the Kathmandu Valley from the twelfth century to the fourteenth century and then an independent kingdom until 1769, when the Shahs invaded. The Durbar Square is the central setting of Bhaktapur for architectural monuments and the arts. The Durbar Square is believed to have been established no earlier than the mid-twelfth century when Ananda Malla built Tripura, the name for the palace that was used until the sixteenth century. It is asserted in different archives that this Bhaktapur Palace was the most costly and largest of all the palaces in the country. It had ninety-nine courtyards and spread from the gateway to the Durbar Square in the West and to Sukul Dhoka in the East. The Mul Chowk, the main courtyard inside the palace, is dedicated to the mother goddess, Taleju, the clan deity of the Malla Kings. Most probably the Taleju Temple, adjoining the Mul Chowk at its south end, is the oldest standing monument of the Bhaktapur Durbar Square. However, there is no documented inscription directly mentioning the existence of the Mul Chowk until the seventeenth century.

Yakseswar Mahadev, a temple built as a duplicate of Pashupati is another of the oldest monuments in the Durbar Square. This temple situated at the South end of the Durbar Square is believed to have been erected by Yaksha Malla (ruled 1428-1482). There are significant records of the donors, constructions, and renovations of the complexes inside the Durbar Square since 1614.

According to the archives, the last three kings of Bhaktpaur, Jitamitra Malla, Bhupatindra Malla, and Ranajit Malla, played the chief roles in shaping the present Durbar Square. During his twenty-three years as king starting in 1673, Jitamitra, influenced by the arts, made many extensive changes to the Durbar Square. He renovated Eta (Kumari) Chowk, a chowk adjoining Mul Chowk, and decorated the walls with carved windows and paintings of yoginis and scenes from the Ramayana, the god versus hero epic drama in which Taleju plays a large part. A year later, he added another palace wing, the Thanbu Durbar, northeast of the Mul Chowk. He designed fountains, gardens, and a pavilion for the new wing. In 1696, shortly before his demise, he built a sikhara temple of Siddhilaxmi next to the temple of Vatsaladevi. A rare feature added to the temple was the animal sculptures standing on either side of the steps to the temple. After his death, his son, Bhupatindra Malla, continued to make additions to the Durbar Square. He reconstructed the Malati Chowk, the Fifty-Five Window Palace that was another wing built in his time. This palace has fifty-five wooden windows on its upper floor. The gate made of bricks and plaster, which is presently the main entrance to the Durbar Square, was also built by him. These gates were actually the entrance to the Basantapur Palace, of which nothing remains except the lions guarding the then gate and images of Ugrachandi and Bhairava. Both of the latter sculptures are dated 1707.

Legend says that Bhupatindra Malla was so impressed by these two sculptures that he cut off both the hands of the sculptor, fearing that other kingdoms may exploit the man to sculpt other beautiful carvings outside of Bhaktapur. Bhupatindra Malla also built four modest monuments: the temples of Jagannatha and Rameswar, a sikhara style brick temple Kedarnath, and a two-storied pagoda style temple of Badrinath near the gate of the Durbar Square. Collectively, they are the char dhaam, four holy sites for Hindu pilgrims, though they are substitutes for the real char dhaam found in today's India. The most significant donation of Bhupatindra Malla in the architectural field is the two temples at Taumadhi Tole, an extension of the Durbar Square. Others were built under his rule as well. The three-storied rectangular temple of Bhairava, the wrathful form of Lord Shiva, was enlarged from its single story, when reconstructed in 1717. There are seven golden gajurs, spires on its topmost roof. Next to it is Nyatapola, the five-storied temple, made in 1702, is unique. It has five slanting roofs supported by one hundred eight struts and standing on five plinths. The steep flight of steps rising to the entrance of the temple is flanked on either side by sculptures of wrestlers, elephants, lions, griffins, and sculptures of the deities Simhini and Vyangini. These guardians are arranged in order of their powers; the one above is said to have ten times more strength than the one below. So the goddess Siddhi Laxmi, to whom the temple is believed to been dedicated, has ten times more power than the two deities on the topmost level of the stairs. Maybe it was this power that aided the 100 feet high temple to stand through the devastating earthquake in 1934. Only the topmost roof of the temple was destroyed.

After Bhupatindra's death in 1722, his successor Ranajit Malla ruled the kingdom for forty-seven years. Ranajit also showed great interest in the arts and donated for the promotion of the Durbar Square. He replaced the bell offered by his grandfather to Taleju with a larger one. This bell and the copper drums, Jitamitra had donated to the Taleju Temple, were sounded twice daily in worship to the goddess. West of the big bell is a stone pillar standing on a lotus pedestal. At the top of the pillar is a golden statue of Bhupatindra Malla under the shade of Chudamani, a golden umbrella, in a praying position and facing the Taleju Temple. The golden gate at the entrance to the main palace and also to the Taleju Temple, Ranajit Malla's greatest offers to the goddess Taleju came in 1753. The gate is decorated with the images of Kalash and other deities at both sides and a detailed sculpture of Taleju, above the gate looking at those entering the gate. The flags, spires, umbrellas, elephants, and lions at the roof of the gate also add to its notability. About this time he also added the chikka appa, bricks immersed in oil for strength and shine, to the passage leading to Mul Chowk. It took more than three generations of kings to build the Bhaktapur Durbar Square. Most was damaged and destroyed during the earthquake of 1934. Almost all the palaces and temples in the Valley went through extensive renovation immediately following the earthquake. However, the massive restoration left the place deprived of its seventeenth century antiquity. As seen today, only half a dozen courtyards remain around the Mul Chowk. Nonetheless, this chowk is only open to Hindus and Buddhists.

Malati Chowk was again renovated in the nineteenth century and does not feature much of traditional Malla arts anymore. Fortunately, only the upper floors of the Fifty-Five Window Palace were destroyed in 1934. Its lower floors along with the successive murals of Lord Krishna in scrolls like manner remained intact. These paintings are now on public display. The West wing of the palace towards the entrance to the Durbar Square, known as the Chowkot Palace constructed in the early sixteenth century by Jaga Jyoti Malla, has been transformed into a national arts gallery. An eight sided pavilion of Chasalin Mandap, stands in front of the Fifty-Five Window Palace. It was originally made by Yaksha Malla in remembrance of his queen, but has been recently reconstructed after its destruction the earthquake. With windows that open in all directions, the Chasalin Mandap, offers a prime view of the Durbar Square.

DAKSHINKALI TEMPLE:
Dakshinkali Located along a river in a forested valley in the mountains south of the Valley, Dakshinkali is a temple dedicated to the Shiva's consort goddess Kali in her most bloodthirsty incarnation. At this temple, her bloodlust is satisfied twice a week when people come to sacrifice unsaturated male goats, buffaloes, chickens, and other such animals. The image of Kali at the shrine is of black stone, has six arms, and is trampling a male figure. When major festivals roll around, like Dasain, the temple becomes awash with blood, and thus it becomes quite a tourist attraction.



BUDHANILKANTHA:
The Vishnu statue at Budhanilkantha was found buried in the ground in its original state. The statue is estimated to be a thousand years old and shows Vishnu lying on the cosmic water before the universe was created. Shuvapuri looms over Budhanilkantha and visitors find much peace there. You will be able to observe local people perform puja every morning and evening.

LUMBINI:
Lumbini is yet another choice of Outfitters in Nepal and a short visit to the birthplace of lord Buddha can be added on to you Trekking in NEpal experience. Shakyamuni Buddha was born in Lumbini, in the southern Nepal, twenty-five hundred years ago. Since his time Nepal has been a sacred ground for Buddhist, as the birthplace of Buddha. Lumbini is a small town in the southern Terai plains of Nepal, where the ruins of the old city can still be seen. Shakyamuni Buddha was born to a royal family. His mother, queen Maya Devi, had a dream foretelling his coming. In her dream, she saw a white elephant with nine tusks comedown to her from the heavens and entered her body. When the time of his delivery approached, she left for her parental home, according to the practice of time. En route to her parent's home, she gave birth to Siddhartha Gautam in the gardens of Lumbini. The prince is said to have emerged from her right side as she rested her arm on the branch of a fig tree. Immediately after birth, he took seven steps in the four cardinal directions and whenever his feet touched the ground, a lotus bloomed. After this powerful birth, Prince Siddhartha lived in his father's palace, shielded from the evil and the pain of outside world. His father had been informed by the seers of the time that the prince would either become great emperor or a holy man. Fearing his son would leave the world for religious practice, the king took pains to see that Prince Siddhartha neither saw nor experienced suffering. Thus he hoped Siddhartha would become a great emperor and never dream of leaving the kingdom. But Siddhartha - who had a lived a life of isolated royal splendor-inevitably ventured beyond the castle walls one day. Outside these walls he came across sorrow, pain, death and a man whose life was devoted to releasing others from those sufferings. He saw a beggar, a cripple, a corpse and a holy man. These encounters affected the young prince deeply, awakening a deep desire to find the ultimate cause of suffering and thus alleviate it.

One night, when all were asleep inside the palace, he escaped. He cast aside his princely garments, cut his hair and began the life of a wandering ascetic. For years he fasted, meditated and spent his time in a rigorous and painful search to find a way to end suffering. On a full-moon night in the north Indian town of Bodhgaya, as he meditated under the tree, Siddhartha had a direct realization of NIRVANA, eternal peace. This transformed the mortal prince into a Buddha. He spent the rest of his life guiding people towards NIRVANA, love and friendship.

When it was time for him to leave this world, he had thousands of followers to keep Buddhism alive. He left this world (a person who has attained nirvana is freed from the cycle of life and death) at the age of 84, having exhausted his human body for the sake of all sentient beings. Lumbini has since been a holy ground for Buddhists all over the world. The restored garden & surrounding of Lumbini have the remains of many of the ancient stupas and monasteries. A large stone pillar erected by the Indian Emperor Ashoka in two hundred fifty BC bears an inscription about birth of the Buddha. An important part of the Lumbini is the temple of Maya Devi. It has stone image of Maya Devi giving birth to Lord Buddha as she holds on to a branch. It has been well worn by the stroke of the barren women hoping for fertility. To the south of the temple is a pool where queen Maya Devi is said to have bathed and given her son his first purification bath. A quiet garden, shaded by the leafy Bo tree (the type of tree under which Buddha received enlightenment), and a newly planted forest nearby lend an air of tranquility, which bespeaks Buddha's teachings.

Lumbini is now being developed under a master plan of the Lumbini Development Trust, a non-governmental organization dedicated to the restoration of Lumbini and its development as a pilgrimage site. The plan, completed in 1978 by the renowned Japanese architect Kenzo Tange, will transform 3 square miles of land into a sacred place of gardens, pools, buildings and groves. The development will include a monastic zone, the circular sacred garden surrounding the Ashoka pillar & Maya Devi temple, and Lumbini Village, where visitors will find lodges, restaurants, a cultural center & tourist facilities. An important archeological site near Lumbini, Kapilvastu evokes the ancient palace where Lord Buddha spent his formative years. Scattered foundation of the palace are abundant, Archeologists have discovered 13 successive layers of human habitations dating back to the eighth century BC. A must for archeological and historical buffs! Besides its religious & historical significance, Lumbini offers cultural insights into the village life of the southern Nepal. If possible, try to arrange your visit with the Monday bazaar when villagers come from miles around to buy grains, spices, pottery, jewelry, saris & various other items. It may appear as a scene out of the Arabian nights, with colorful merchandise spread out under the mango trees and the air perfumed with incense. It's a chance to bargain for souvenirs while witnessing local life in Lumbini.

HISTORY:
Nepal has a long and glorious history. Its civilization can be traced back to thousands of years before the birth of Christ. Modern Nepal is an amalgamation of a number of principalities, which had independent entities in the past. Before the campaign of national integration launched by King Prithivi Narayan Shah the Kathmandu Valley was ruled by the Malla Kings, whose contribution to art and culture are indeed great. In the Kathmandu Valley were the Gopalas, the Abhiras and were succeeded by the Thakuris and Mallas. In 1768 A.D. the Shah dynasty ascended the throne of this unified kingdom .

His Majesty King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the twelfth king in the 225-year-old Shah Dynasty.The revolution of November 1950 brought to an end of Rana regime who ruled the country for 104 years since 1846 A.D. After the fall of Rana regime in Feb 1951, Nepal saw the dawn of democracy. The parliamentary government under the multi-party system was adopted for some years, which was followed by Panchayat System since 1960. The popular democratic revolt of 1990 has reinstated the multi party democratic system since April. The new democratic constitution of the Kingdom was promulgated on November 9, 1990. Nepal is one of the founding members of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) of which the third summit was held in Kathmandu in Nov. 1987. King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev ruled Nepal for 30 years, January 30, 1971 - June 1, 2001. His son Crown Prince Dipendra was named king on the June 2, 2001, after he had shot his father. But he soon died in hospital on June 4, 2001. The younger brother of the late King Birendra was named His Majesty King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, on June 4, 2001 and currently rules the country. He is the 12th king in the Shah dynasty. On the night of the Friday, June 1, 2001 at the Narayanhity Royal Palace during a gathering of the Royal family. Almost the entire Royal Family was murdered. Within just a few minutes Crown Prince Dipendra Bir Bikram, under the influence of alcohol and drugs, opened fire into the room of his family. Killing 9 members of the Royal family including King Birendra, Queen Aishwarya and 7 others, also seriously injuring many other members.

Crown Prince Dipendra then turned the gun on himself, in an attempt of suicide over a quarrel with his parents over the woman he wanted to marry. Crown Prince Dipendra was admitted to hospital critically wounded and in a coma, but still named king after King Birendra was pronounced dead. Saturday, June 2, 2001, the news spread around the capital, Kathmandu. The Late King Birendra was seen as a living god, the reincarnation of Vishnu He was deeply loved by the people of Nepal who were shocked and in disbelief over the incident. The King, Queen and other members of the family were carried to Pashupati's Aryaghat, next to the Holy Bagmati River, for the cremation Saturday night. Desperate for the truth people blocked traffic in protests and riots began in the streets of Kathmandu. People shaved their heads as a sign of respect for the king and a 5-day closure of government offices and 13 days of official mourning. Monday morning, June 4, 2001, King Dipendra died in hospital and just a few hours later the younger brother of the late King Birendra, became the new king of Nepal. Three kings in 4 days. This is the second worst mass killing of royalty in the world.


Even as Outfitters in Nepal with somuch travelling and trekking in Nepal experience, there is just too much to write about Nepal and it would never finish. Be here and we will learn more every minute that you spend in Nepal.

Request More Info Trekkings Peak Climb Expeditions
x

Please fill in the form to receive a FREE QUOTE for your trip. All information provided through this form is kept private and will not be disclosed to third parties. We will contact you within 24 hours after receiving your request.

Name is required and must be a string.
Address is required and must be a string.
Phone is required.
ADVENTURES TO INCLUDE IN THE TRIP

  Cycling             Bike Trip             Cayaking        Rafting     
  Paragliding        Bunjy Jump        Rock Climb      Private Trip     
  Jungle Safari      Group Trip         Zip Flyer        Hiking     
  Power Glider            Mountain Flight           Chopper Flight     
Additional information is required.